In many parts of Africa, decreasing productivity, population pressure, environmental degradation and the threat of climate change suggest an increasingly uncertain future for millions of African households whose livelihoods depend on farming. The need to address these preoccupant situations leads to adopt different approaches. Agroecology is one of approaches considering that natural systems contain the best information for creating sustainable agricultural production. Agroecology is then a multi-system approach to create a sustainable food system. Beyond the aspects of agricultural production, agroecology also cover a broader sense considering the territorial dynamics and the social partners on the basis of sustainable agriculture. Along with environmental, human health, economic, and social concerns involved in « sustainability, » agroecology also seeks to include cultural and political systems in the search for food security.
The seminar intended to focuses on agroecological food and farming systems for sustainability in Africa organized for critically analyze agro-ecological technologies of innovative cropping systems and land management strategies benefiting small-scale agriculture in Africa. This theme embraces the question of annual production stabilization for food security; Development of the significant potential for crop/livestock integration, the primary benefits of which is the maintenance of soil quality. Innovative approaches including working closely with communities to develop solutions, such as agroforestry systems, which can help meet future needs for wood and non-timber forest products are also targeted. A particular interest of this conference deals with the comparison and scaling-up of candidate breakthrough agro-ecological technologies and their impacts within small-scale farmers and food security. Examples of these breakthroughs include better management of no-till and cover crops; beneficial biological processes; land-use change and forestry as a means to protect carbon stocks and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Looking back, what we have achieved up to now, time is for sharing real practical experiences and show the better way of doing things for farmers. The seminar has the following objectives:
- To share and document existing knowledge on agroecological technologies and impacts in the region
- To share and document social, economic and policy innovation and impacts of agroecology
- To share and document experiences and success stories on agroecology scale up approaches and impacts;